Growing wild flowers in a shady garden

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For a gardener, shade brings a whole new set of challenges.  Ones that can’t always be met by improving the soil or moving things around.

Plants need daylight to grow and if they don’t have enough sunshine, they’ll perish. 

Learning from Nature

Luckily for us, Mother Nature has provided a selection of plants that are reasonably well adapted to growing in shady conditions.  In fact, some of them will struggle if you try to grow them in sunshine. 

To research them, take a walk in the woods and see what’s growing underfoot.  It’s illegal to take plants from the wild, but you can take photographs, identify those plants, and find out where you can buy them.

You’ll also find shade tolerant wild flowers growing in verges and hedgerows where the sun only visits for part of the day.  Old churchyards are another of my favourite sources of inspiration.  Not the immaculately kept new cemeteries, rather the corners and edges of the churchyard where long forgotten relatives lie undisturbed by strimmers and mowers.

Go walking at different times of the year – you’ll see how Nature offers all year round interest.  It’s not for you though, these plants are growing as part as an amazing ecosystem so you’ll see flowers at the time of year when bees, butterflies and moths need nectar for energy.  You’ll see laval food plants when the butterflies and moths are breeding and you’ll see seedheads when birds need winter food.

Shade loving wild flowers

What you won’t see in shady spots are flowers with garish colours and enormous blooms.  Those tend to be found in fields and gardens.  Woodland flowers are normally white or pastel coloured with delicate blooms.

Let’s take a look at a few of them

red campion flower

 

 

 

Red campion - for a full description, click here

 

 

 

 

 

 

foxglove flowers and buds

 

 

 

 

Foxglove - a favourite woodland plant of mine.  I cultivate it in my garden too because the bees seem to love it.  Tall flowering spikes in June add height to my island borders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

close up of bracken leaf

 

 

Fern: Just because it doesn't have a showy flower, don't overlook the humble fern.  This is bracken, probably a bit too invasive for a garden but there will be alternatives in the garden centre.

 

 

 

 

 

 

violet flower nestled amongst green foliage

 

Dames’ Violet: Search for these in early spring.  Violets are shy, retiring flowers that are found close to the ground, nestling amongst their foliage.  Quite shade tolerant, they provide food for the bumblebees who have woken early from their hibernation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

flower head of ribwort plantain

 

 

Ribwort Plantain: Quite a commonly seen little flower which at first glance is not particularly spectacular.  However, seen in groups, this is quite a textural plant which moves gracefully in the breeze.  The leaves are edible too - which is a bonus.

 

 

 

 

musk mallow

 

 

Musk Mallow: This delicate pink flower is more robust than it looks and its such a beautiful cooling, soothing colour.

 

 

 

 

How to establish wild flowers in the shade

Meadowmat have created a wild flower mat especially for people who want to bring biodiversity into the cooler, shadier parts of their garden.  It’s called “Woodland Shade Meadowmat” and contains 38 different species of perennial flowering plants and grasses.  It’s trouble-free and easy to care for and you’ll be surprised at how many different fascinating creatures it attracts.

For more information about Woodland Shade Wild Flower Mats click here 


More about gardening with wild flowers


Wild flowers for easy gardening – downloadable information sheet 

 

15 wildflower species that bees just can’t resist

 

Learn more about natural-style gardening 

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